ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) can be found in telephone receivers, hard suitcases, and housings for household appliances such as mixers as well as in BIG BINs from Authentics. ABS is tough, resilient and scratch-resistant, an engineering plastic with a glossy surface that is manufactured in all sorts of shapes and virtually all colours.
"Acrylic glass is a highly transparent, thermoplastic that was developed in 1928 virtually simultaneously in Germany, Great Britain and Spain. It became popular in the 1950s through products such as the Braun SK4 radio and record player ""Snow White's Coffin"" with the spectacular lid. Authentics uses acrylic glass to make the FACE photo frames."
Cellulose is the material which makes up a great number of plant cell walls. Wood, for instance, is comprised of 50% cellulose fibres. Cellulose is further processed into viscose fibres, transparent cellophane films, table tennis balls made of celluloid as well as the SQUARE and ROUND waterproof placemats from Authentics.
The word ceramic comes from the Greek language and designates clay minerals and the fired products which are made from them. Nowadays ceramic products are defined as those which are manufactured from inorganic, fine grained raw materials with the addition of water and subsequently sintered at a minimum of 900° Celsius. Modern ceramics are used in Formula 1 racing engines, probes, sensors and catalytic converters or as heat protection tiles on the Space Shuttle. It is extremely hard, lightweight and low-wear. And the remarkably tough grinder of the 2Hot pepper mill is also ceramic.
Chrome not only looks good, it also revs the pulse of car enthusiasts everywhere - as they adorn their beloved vehicles with shiny reflective rims and bumpers Steel that has been galvanised in a chromium bath also protects surfaces subject to extreme strain from corrosion and wear. Such as the steel frame of GO.
Cotton is obtained from the seed fibres of a plant from the mallow family and has been processed into textile fibres by people around the world for at least 7,000 years. In Babylon it was called White Gold. The oldest preserved textiles have been found in Mexico. And the first written reference to this extraordinary material comes from India. Cotton is comfortable on the skin and is thus often used to make clothing. The most famous example of this is jeans. Cotton can be hot-washed and is extremely hygienic. Authentics uses it in the cover fabric for the PANE bread basket.
Enamel is a melting composite that is first applied to the object – in this case the LINGOR light from Authentics - and then fired. Prior to the invention of engineering plastics, metal bowls and pots were enamelled in order to make them corrosion-resistant.
Felt – is a material that has been used by mankind since ancient times. This fibrous textile material has been manufactured from wool mechanically to form pressed felt since at least as far back as 8,000 B.C. In this process the fibres - previously also animal hair are intertwined in such a way that their scale-like structures become permanently matted together. This makes felt water-repellent and heat-insulating.
Foam plastics are man-made substances with low density and a sponge-like structure. Nearly all plastics can be used as base material for foam plastic production. Foam plastics are mainly used for upholstery cushioning materials. The core of the seat cushion on the OTTO lighted stool is made of foam plastic.
Glass was the only transparent material around prior to the invention of engineering plastics. In the second millennium B.C. people began to make glass using high temperatures and several ingredients including quartz. Up until the time of industrialisation, glass containers were reserved for the elite few. Glassware and vases from Authentics are all handblown.
Insulating glass is made of conventional glass that is arranged in multiple parallel layers and thus, exhibits excellent insulating properties. In thermos jugs like PIU it takes the form of a double-walled, mirrored insert with a vacuum between the walls.
Leather is made from the tanning of animal hides and has been in use for at least 6,000 years as depicted in drawings on an ancient Egyptian sarcophagus. There are many different types of leather from the particularly soft Glacé leather to the robust and tough butt leather. Authentics uses butt leather, for example, on the runners of the ABRAHAM rocking chair.
MDF is the abbreviation for "medium density fibreboard". It was developed in the USA and is comprised of finely compressed wood fibres. This wood-based material has a very homogeneous structure and an all-round smooth surface that is ideal for applying lacquer. KUBUS is available in white lacquered and black solid coloured MDF.
In the 1930s, melamine resin took the place of phenolic resin, which had always had a brownish-black undertone. Though expensive to produce, at least it could be coloured. Since then, melamine resin has been used to make heat-resistant, break and scratch-resistant household appliances and tableware. It came into its own in the 1960s as a laminate for hard-wearing worktops in the kitchen. KUBUS comes in a melamine resin laminated version.
Metals make up roughly 80 percent of the elements of the Periodic Table and are characterised by four basic properties. They can conduct electricity and heat, can be shaped and they shine. At Authentics a wide variety of metals are used, but predominantly iron, steel and chrome.
Microfibres are synthetic fibres that are thinner than silk, cotton or wool fibres and only one-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Depending on the manufacturer, they are made from various base materials such as polyester, nylon, acrylic or cellulose. In contrast to conventional textiles, microfibre materials are resistant to abrasion. There is no fuzz and no pilling. Microfibres are used for moisture-permeable, water-repellent workwear, sportswear and rainwear, leather-like and silk-like cover fabrics and high-performance cleaning cloths. Authentics uses microfibres in its ROLLBAGs.
Natural hairs are long filaments mainly comprised of keratin and only found on mammals. Human hair is largely used for making wigs while animal hair is used for making covers/blankets and brushes. Natural hairs are used at Authentics in the brushes of the Benny Brush automatic shoe polisher.
Nylon is a designation for special polyamides that can be traced to the DuPont company, though it is not a registered trademark. Initially used in toothbrushes, it became famous due to the ladies' stockings of the same name. The bristles of the LUNAR brush head are made of nylon.
Paraffin wax belongs to the family of synthetic waxes that are produced from petroleum. In contrast to natural waxes, these have an extremely broad range of application that spans from candle-making, wood preservation and care to use in heat accumulators and even to microwave lenses. Authentics' BRAVIT candles burn with paraffin wax.
Plywood has substantially greater strength than that of solid wood. For this reason, this material comprised of multiple layers is often used in sports equipment and aircraft construction. At Authentics, the seat shells of the EASY chairs are made of plywood.
Polyamides are polymers that exhibit a characteristic amide group. They were first synthesised in the 1930s. Many different plastics are based on polyamides. One of the best known polyamide plastics is certainly the nylon from the American company DuPont. Polyamides are characterised by their strength, rigidity and toughness. They are chemically resistant and lend themselves well to processing. The lid of the TOP waste system is made of polyamide.
PC (polycarbonate) has an outstanding impact-resistance, is rigid and transparent. It is used to make protective helmets, baby bottles, unbreakable glazing for automotive headlights and now the colourful EIKO egg cooking cup from Authentics.
Polyester is a generic term for plastics (polymers) made from esters. Recyclable plastic bottles made of PET are an example. Later they will be ground and made into textiles, fibres and fillers for ski jackets and duvets. For the KUVERT bags, Authentics permanently joined a wear-resistant polyester fabric with a water-repellent textile.
PE (polyethylene) is produced using both high-pressure and low-pressure processes. Pliable and flexible films for the food industry emerge from the first process while the second produces such products as shock-proof and impact-proof pipes used for drinking water supply. The RONDO bags from Authentics are also made out of PE.
PP (polypropylene) was developed in the 1950s and counts among the newer plastics. It offers a good balance of properties such as toughness, rigidity and hardness. Owing to its high heat-resistance and low water absorption, it is ideal for use in the manufacture of lightweight yet sturdy garden furniture. For instance, for the floor lamp YOYO.
Polystyrene is a widely used plastic that finds application in many areas of our daily life. It is the base material for films and foam plastics such as styrofoam. Initially discovered in 1839, it was not industrially manufactured until 1931 and counts today among the top 4 plastics worldwide. Solid polystyrene is transparent, hard and sensitive to impact like glass. It is resistant to chemicals, hot water and coolants. In its expanded form it is opaque white and has excellent insulating properties. For instance, it is used in the Authentics SQUARE waste paper bin.
Porcelain comprises essentially of china clay, feldspar and quartz. The ratio of the constituents is a well-guarded secret of fine china manufacturers. In contrast to ceramics, the feldspar does not crystallise after the firing process, whereby porcelain takes on a glass-like surface with translucent shine.
Powder coating is a process whereby electrically conductive materials are coated with a powder. In this process, the electrically charged paint is literally drawn to the oppositely charged surface. This creates an exceptionally smooth paint coat. As can be seen with HÄKELN.
Silicone is the designation of a group of synthetic polymers. Silicone holds an intermediate position between organic and inorganic compounds. Many medical and cosmetic implants are made of silicone. Baby soothers, sealants and casting moulds are also made of silicone. At Authentics it takes the form of corks for the SNOWMAN oil & vinegar bottles.
Stainless steel is often also used as a synonym for "rust-proof." The reason it doesn't rust is that in 1912 German researchers discovered how "cooking steel" with precisely dosed heat and the addition of nickel and chromium created corrosion-resistant steel for industrial use. HÄKELN is made of stainless steel.
Steel is an iron alloy containing up to 2 % carbon. It can be soft and malleable but also hard and brittle; knowledge of its use dates back thousands of years. Since the industrial revolution steel has been used to build transportation structures and machinery. The modern era then discovered filigree steel structures for designing lighter buildings and furniture. One of these: GO.
Thermoplastic rubber (TPR)
TPR, thermoplastic rubber, is a synthetically optimised rubber. Since the middle of the last century it has been used to manufacture such diverse products as diving suits, engine mounts and most recently, the 2STOP doorstop.
Tyvek is a synthetic textile similar to a nonwoven fleece paper made from thermally fused, highly compressed polyethylene fibres. It is mouldable like paper, but significantly stronger. Tyvek is used in the production of workwear, transport packaging or as a secondary roofing underlay and for weather protection in house building. Authentics uses it in the A1 and A2 shoulder bags.